Friday, January 27, 2012

Rod Serling's The Twilight Zone Magazine

              
First issue, April, 1981, cover by Jim 

                Though Rod Serling sold syndication rights for The Twilight Zone to CBS for a lump sum at the end of the show's original run, the Serling estate retained a share of marketing and merchandising rights to the show's namesake. In the early 1980s, Carol Serling was approached with an offer to begin a magazine bearing the name of her late husband's most famous creation. At the editorial helm would be T.E.D. Klein, a noted authority on science fiction and horror as well as an up-and-coming fiction writer. Impressed by Klein's vision for the publication, Carol Serling agreed to allow The Twilight Zone to appear on the magazine's cover with the stipulation that her husband's name precede the title. Thus, Rod Serling's The Twilight Zone Magazine was created. Carol Serling remained Associate Publisher and Consulting Editor for the remainder of the magazine's run, providing an essay, "A Personal Message: An Invitation to Re-enter The Twilight Zone," for the premier issue and "A Note from the Publisher" (or "Publisher's Note") editorial in selected subsequent issues. 
             Backed financially by Montcalm Publishing and retaining copyright under the label TZ Publications, the first issue arrived in mid-spring, cover dated April, 1981. The magazine lasted an additional sixty issues (59 regular plus 1 annual) over eight years, spawned a digest-sized sister publication (Night Cry), went through multiple schedule changes and three additional editors, and quietly closed out with the June 1989 issue. In the years between, Rod Serling's The Twilight Zone Magazine set a new standard for genre magazine publishing and offered the most dependable market for established and aspiring writers of horror and dark fantasy fiction, publishing new work by the giants of the field as well as work by up-and-coming writers, many of whom have gone on to highly successful careers. The magazine also published classics of the genre by writers in danger of falling into obscurity, and featured editorials on virtually every subject encompassed by the classic and contemporary fields of science fiction and fantasy.
                Rod Serling's The Twilight Zone Magazine published virtually every important speculative fiction writer of its era. Some (but not nearly all) of the writers to see their fiction published in the magazine include: Stephen King, Richard Matheson, George Clayton Johnson, David Morrell, Joe R. Lansdale, Joyce Carol Oates, Dan Simmons, Spider Robinson, Robert Sheckley, Charles L. Grant, Richard Christian Matheson, Fritz Leiber, Steve Rasnic Tem, Robert Silverberg, Roger Zelazny, Joe Haldeman, Tanith Lee, George R.R. Martin, David J. Schow, Dean Koontz, and Lisa Tuttle. The magazine also published several teleplays, treatments, and short stories by Rod Serling, as well as the work of past masters such as M.R. James, J. Sheridan LeFanu, and William Hope Hodgson.
                The editorial work for the magazine was superb. Contributions included essays on literary history by Mike Ashley and T.E.D. Klein, film reviews and artwork by Gahan Wilson, film history by Bill Warren, book reviews by Theodore Sturgeon, Robert Silverberg, Thomas M. Disch, Ed Bryant, and E.F. Bleiler, interviews of genre writers conducted by Douglas Winter and Stanley Wiater, and television episode guides written by Marc Scott Zicree (The Twilight Zone), David J. Schow (with Jeffrey Frentzen) (The Outer Limits), and J. Michael Straczynski (with his wife Kathryn M. Drennan) (Rod Serling's Night Gallery). The success of the magazine in its early years was a strong factor when CBS decided to revive the show for television in 1985. The magazine offered the perfect platform for promoting the new incarnation of The Twilight Zone and inspired much of the feel of the revival series with its perfect melding of 1980s modernism with classic tastes. Each issue typically featured one or more interviews with leading writers and filmmakers including Richard Matheson, Peter Straub, Robert Bloch, Stephen King, John Saul, Oliver Stone, Dean Koontz, and Harlan Ellison, among many others. 

A significant aspect of the magazine was the lost or forgotten
June, 1982 issue containing
Richard Matheson's "The Doll"
ephemera from the original series of The Twilight Zone.  Nearly every issue printed a complete teleplay from an original series episode (the first two years being devoted almost exclusively to the teleplays of Rod Serling). In later issues, the magazine would print story treatments and teleplays that were initially rejected or left unused, many by the original series's final producer, William Froug, who rejected several teleplays from the show's most accomplished creators, including Richard Matheson, Charles Beaumont, and George Clayton Johnson. Among the most interesting items to first see print in the pages of the magazine was George Clayton Johnson's short story "Sea Change" about a sailor whose hand is cut off in an accident and from whose disembodied hand grows a malevolent doppelganger intent on destroying its mirror image. Johnson originally sold the story treatment to the series but the treatment was subsequently shelved on the grounds that its subject matter, especially the cutting off of the hand, was beyond acceptable for the show's subject matter (the sponsor, a food vendor, didn't want its potential audience to be put off eating its products). Another interesting item was Richard Matheson's teleplay, "The Doll." Initially rejected for production by William Froug (under the pretense that it made too many "doll" episodes between Charles Beaumont's fourth season episode "Miniature" and Jerry Sohl's fifth season episode "Living Doll"), Matheson's teleplay was published in the June, 1982 issue of the magazine and later dramatized on Steven Spielberg's anthology television series Amazing Stories for May 4, 1986. Actor John Lithgow (who turned in a memorable performance in 1983's Twilight Zone: The Movie) won an Emmy Award for his performance in the episode.

                T.E.D. Klein relinquished editorial duties of Rod Serling's Twilight Zone Magazine with the July/August, 1985 issue, leaving to pursue a career as a full-time fiction writer (and subsequently producing the highly regarded works The Ceremonies and Dark Gods). Michael Blaine stepped in as editor, concluding his run on the magazine with the August, 1986 issue. Robin Bromley edited a single issue, October, 1986, before Tappan King assumed the editorship for the remainder of the magazine's run. Alan Rodgers was associate editor of the magazine as well as editor of its sister publication Night Cry after the departure of Klein. 
              Each editor favored a slightly different style for the magazine. T.E.D. Klein tailored much of the magazine to feature coverage of the titan horror novelists of the era (King, Straub, Bloch, Saul, etc.) as well as explore the classic period of the genre (roughly the 1890's through the pulps) by including some fine essays on the subject of weird fiction authors as diverse as Arthur Machen and L.P. Hartley. Klein also kept an eye firmly on the magazine's namesake, giving author Marc Scott Zicree space to compile his essential episode guide (later expanded into the seminal book The Twilight Zone Companion (1982), including teleplays from the series (a feature which would appear and disappear with irregularity under the other editors), and including essays such as George Clayton Johnson's "Writing for the Twilight Zone." 
          Micheal Blaine maintained the show-by-show guides (Twilight Zone, Night Gallery, The Outer Limits, 'Way Out) which became a useful regular feature and continued to focus attention on editorial features such as original essays, reviews, etc., with added attention on current film and television programs. Blaine eschewed the painted covers that characterized Klein's editorship in exchange for images from films and television shows. 
            Tappan King brought back painted covers to the magazine but the space allotted to long-running feature articles and essays began to shrink, with focus sharpening upon original fiction (King's editorship saw the finest flowering of fiction in the magazine) and film coverage. King did re-focus much of the magazine's content on the original series of the The Twilight Zone, including the excellent final issue, which was a moving tribute to series writer Charles Beaumont. 
             Original fiction and book and film reviews were the constant throughout the magazine's run.   

          In 1984, a new digest-sized magazine appeared on
newsstands. TZ Special #1 appeared as a heading,  below that: Night Cry: 20 Tales of Heartstopping Terror from Rod Serling's the Twilight Zone Magazine. This special publication consisted of editor T.E.D. Klein's selection of the best short stories to appear in Rod Serling's Twilight Zone Magazine over the previous three years. It wasn't the first time Klein put out an all-fiction special issue. Klein compiled Great Stories from Rod Serling's The Twilight Zone Magazine, a projected annual volume which only ran a single year (it was released in December, 1982 as a 1983 annual), although it did assume numbering with the magazine (volume 2, number 9) despite not being sent to subscribers. Klein's new fiction digest magazine would shorten its title to simply Night Cry and continue as a quarterly periodical that published reprints from TZ Magazine as well as new fiction from some of the brightest talents in dark fantasy. Whereas the fiction in Rod Serling's The Twilight Zone Magazine encompassed a broad spectrum of horror, fantasy, and science fiction, Night Cry devoted itself exclusively to horror and dark fantasy fiction. Beginning  with the Summer, 1985 issue, Night Cry saw an additional ten issues published, concluding with the Fall, 1987 issue.  The magazine was edited by T.E.D. Klein until the Winter, 1985 issue when Alan Rodgers took over editorial duties until the magazine's end. "From the editors of Rod Serling's the Twilight Zone Magazine" appeared as a heading on every issue of Night Cry. Artist J.K. Potter provided memorable cover art for several issues. 

Rod Serling's The Twilight Zone Magazine:
1981- April, May, June, July, Aug, Sept, Oct, Nov, Dec
1982- Jan, Feb, March, Apr, May, June, July, Aug, Sept, Oct, Nov, Dec
1983- Jan/Feb, Mar/Apr, May/Jun, July/Aug, Sept/Oct, Nov/Dec (+ Annual)
1984- Jan/Feb, Mar/Apr, May/Jun, July/Aug, Sept/Oct, Nov/Dec
1985- Jan/Feb, Mar/Apr, May/Jun, July/Aug, Sept/Oct, Nov/Dec
1986- Feb, Apr, June, Aug, Oct, Dec
1987- Feb, Apr, June, Aug, Oct, Dec
1988- Feb, Apr, June, Aug, Oct, Dec
1989- Feb, Apr, Jun
Night Cry:
1984- Night Cry/ Twilight Zone Special
1985- Summer, Fall, Winter
1986- Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter
1987- Spring, Summer, Fall
                Additional information about Rod Serling's Twilight Zone Magazine and Night Cry, including full contents lists for each issue and cover artist credits, can be found at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database.
                A full cover gallery of both Rod Serling's the Twilight Zone Magazine and Night Cry can be accessed with the following link: TZ Magazine & Night Cry Cover Gallery
-We've started a detailed read-through of the entire run of Rod Serling's The Twilight Zone Magazine. Look for the label "Twilight Zone Magazine" in the directory (sidebar) to find those posts. 

--JP

3 comments:

  1. Anyone have any idea of the current value of the premier issue of Night Cry might be worth?

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  2. I used to subscribe to the magazine, and while it varied in quality, I often looked forward to the episode guides and original scripts. Later issues focused more on horror as opposed to dark fantasy & science fiction.

    Note: Full PDFs of every issue can be found here:
    https://archive.org/details/pulpmagazinearchive?and%5B%5D=twilight+zone&sort=publicdate

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    Replies
    1. Thanks for stopping by and linking to the issues of the mag. I agree that the early days were more devoted to SF and the later days to horror. I think in the early issues they were just trying to figure out what works and as the 80s drew on and became the decade of horror they adjusted accordingly. I think the quality remained pretty high compared to some the magazine's competitors.

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